Creating a repository in Git

The first step in working with git is to create a new git repository.We can create a new git repository by either

  • copying an existing repository
  • initializing a new repository

Copying an existing repository

for copying an existing repository we use the git clone command.To clone an existing repository from an existing location we use the command as:
git clone “url of the repository”

for example to clone a repository at the location http://www.testrepo.com/Temp we use the following command
git clone http://www.testrepo.com/Temp

The above command will copy the existing repository from  “http://www.testrepo.com/Temp” to the local machine.The name of the new repository will be the same as the existing repository.
If we want to provide a different name for the cloned repository then we can pass the name of the repository as:
git clone http://www.testrepo.com/Temp NewRepository

Initialize a new repository

To initialize an existing directory as git repository we use:

git init

we execute the above command from within the directory which we want to initialize as git repository

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